A Guide to Mesothelioma Cancer. Exposure to asbestos fibers is the main cause of mesothelioma cancer. It can also be caused by close association with someone who is exposed to asbestos. Several forms of mesothelioma exist but the most common are pleural and abdominal. The only way that asbestos can reach your body organs is through ingestion and inhaling. The fiber ledge around the mesothelial cells thereby causing irritation and inflammation. The inflammation causes the growth of cancerous tissue and tumors. Mesothelioma develops slowly and can go unnoticed in the early stages. Mesothelial cells are located in various membranes within the cavities in the body. Pleural membrane around the chest cavity and lungs, peritoneum membrane in the abdominal cavity and pericardium membrane that lines the chest interior are some of the common membranes containing mesothelial cells. The level of prognosis of mesothelioma cancer decreases as the stage increases. Drugs have been developed for treatment of mesothelioma cancer which will, in turn, improve the prognosis significantly. The symptoms vary depending on the type of mesothelioma cancer. A dry cough, chest pains, pain during breathing, and difficulty in breathing are some of the symptoms of pleural cancer. Abdominal mesothelioma cancer symptoms are weight loss, diarrhea, fevers, night sweats, constipation, and growth of lumps in the abdominal region. The treatment options available the cancer are more effective during the early stages of the illness. Therefore, if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above you should consult with your doctor.
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Mesothelioma cancer usually have four stages of growth. The stage at which cancer has reached is determined by the size of the cancerous tissues and the level of the symptoms. Late stages of cancer means that the cancerous cells have spread from the membranes to other body organs and the tumor is also large. The last stage, stage four, means that cancer has spread significantly to other tissues and organs in the body. At the last stage, the treatment options are not only limited but also ineffective.
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The size of the tumor and cancerous tissues, the age of the patient and the stage reached by the illness are the factors that the medical practitioners consider while prescribing a treatment option. The treatment options are traditional, alternative methods, new treatment approaches and miscellaneous. The traditional category include treatment methods such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. New treatment approaches involves the use of drugs. A combination of different forms of treatment will lead to better results. The pain associated with mesothelioma cancer is always alleviated through palliative care.